”The Army of a nation is supposed to be homogeneous, in composition as well as in the way they operate. But since the Boko Haram scenario unfolded its ugly head, it is unfortunate now, to see that even within the Army, the politicians have been able to infiltrate, and give them a kind of divide and rule juice to drink, that is why you are seeing them diverting money meant for fire arms into personal use and in the process camouflaging that they are waging war against the Boko Haram”
Not long ago, national newspapers reported an alleged coup plot, the report made Nigerians to be worried. In this interview with Federatiobnews2day, the founder of Shafaudeen worldwide, Prof. Sabitu Olagoke, says that the ranks of the uniformed personnel have been infiltrated by politicians. Excerpts :
The newspapers were awash with stories of a coup plot recently, and Nigerians are worried. What are your views ?
In every rumour, there is always an iota of truth. When we look at the situation in Nigeria generally, and the various changes that have been coming up, you will agree with me that having some people communicating diabolically with others underneath, is never a new thing. In fact, when Chief M.K.O Abiola was alive, it was through him, we realized that the civilians then, used to go to the Military, sponsored them to carry out coup. The tradition has not faded off, mainly because in Nigeria things are going worse, regarding our social life as well as the way we relate with one another. In those days, you will never see anyone junior to you addressing you with all affront, even in the name of politics. But these days you see all these 40, 50 years old people calling even Mr. President a lot of dirty names. You can see how abysmally bad our socio-cultural and core values have been eroded. So when you have such a state of impunity and indiscipline, the situation will be infested with a lot of surprises, which may not necessarily benefit the nation. When you look into the scenario of the South South, and that of the militants, the Avengers, as well as that of Biafra insurgents, one should expect, even the Federal Government would be so foolish that there is still unity within the rank and file of the Army. The Army of a nation is supposed to be homogeneous, in composition as well as in the way they operate. But since the Boko Haram scenario unfolded its ugly head, it is unfortunate now, to see that even within the Army, the politicians have been able to infiltrate, and give them a kind of divide and rule juice to drink, that is why you are seeing them diverting money meant for fire arms into personal use and in the process camouflaging that they are waging war against the Boko Haram. And rendering useless the lives of subordinates in the Army. Until this particular government comes in and takes the bulls by the horns and at least make a change. And it is because of this, the Americans, the Europeans, British in particular, were able to see all these things on ground and that was why they dissociated themselves and even placed embargo on the possibility of Nigeria, buying firearms. But immediately they saw that it was really a change towards a positive direction, they gave them the support now, and that is why we are still having a formidable Army on ground today. But the diversionary problems that have been surfacing, instead of all of us concentrating in wiping out the Boko Haram, there is another insurgency in the name of Biafra, there is another insurgency in the name of Avengers in the South South. When you destroy the legacy of a generation, you are bold enough to say that you are the one that did it, in spite of the fact that there is a government in place, that points towards the fact that some people must have been seizing such advantages to sponsor the problem in order that it will snowball into a coup de’tat.
The rape of women and children are on the increase in major cities in the Southern Nigeria.
Indeed, the poverty level in the land has, without doubt, forced a sizable number of parents to engage in odd practices to make ends meet.
Several children are noticed in Ibadan, Ijebu Ode, Abeokuta, Osogbo, Benin among other cities hawking edibles and other items on major roads, street corners and foot paths. Sadly, the children, girls in particular, have become victims of rapists.
Some time ago, three teenage secondary school leavers were arraigned before a magistrate court in Ibadan for allegedly raping a 17 year old girl at Akobo area of the city. The three boys were said to have tricked the girl into one of their accomplices house and forcefully had carnal knowledge of her.
Also, one Jonathan Kaigbon and Gbenga Adekoya, also allegedly raped a 16 year old girl in an uncompleted building at Ososa, Odogbolu area of Ogun state. The two suspects had earlier on robbed their victim’s mother of her personal belongings and cash.
Not long afterward a 57 year old man, Raphael Omada was arrested in Benin for allegedly defiling an 8 year old girl.
Omada allegedly defiled the girl at Owan, Owan west local government area, when her parents had gone to the farm.
Again, a 43 year old man, one Kassim Mohammed, Oluwatobi Daramola ,21 and James Aniekan ,17, raped a 7 year old girl at the Greenland Estate, Isheri area of Lagos state.
Concerned people have called on the security agencies to adopt very strict
measures to reverse the ugly trend.
”The police should take the issue of rape seriously, as the crime is on the increase, we mothers have to watch over our girls, by monitoring all they do”, Mrs. Yetunde Ogunjuyigbe stressed.
In most of these cases reports were made to the police, which in turn investigated and charged the cases to court.
Sadly, this has not reduced the number of rape cases. About two weeks ago, a 42 year old man, one Ike Oluwa raped his step daughter, Grace, at the Ije Ajemo area of Igando-Ikotun local council development area.
Ike Oluwa was reported to have sneaked into the living room where his step daughter was sleeping and forcefully had carnal knowledge of her. His wife, the girl’s mother, was not at home at the time of the incident.
”The law on rape should be reviewed and a more strict punishment introduced to serve as deterrent to those who plan to commit the offense”, Pastor Ope Ajayi posited.
Sadly Pastor Ajayi’s suggestion is difficult to implement as a result of other consideration by law enforcement agents, which puts rapists at an advantage.
Seven years ago, the Federal Bureau of Investigation considered creating an alert system that would tip off the agency when someone tried to purchase multiple guns at one time, like Omar Mateen, the Orlando mass shooter.
Multiple officials told The Wall Street Journal the project was abandoned due to potential legal problems. Law-enforcement officials have cited the purchase of multiple guns at a time as a possible indicator of an individual taking steps toward a mass shooting.
The FBI is also weighing the legality of creating an alert system when people like Mateen, who have been previously investigated for terrorism, attempt to purchase weapons.
Inclusion, not services, is key to strengthening legitimacy and building peace
A common strategy for state-building and development aid to transitional nations—getting basic services to the population—will fail to establish a government’s legitimacy unless citizens are included in the process, a leading researcher on conflict management said at the U.S. Institute of Peace.
Pictured left to right, Nancy Lindborg, Sarah Cliffe, Clare Lockhart, Pradip Pariyar, Grace Yeah Yeanay Mayson, and Eileen Babbitt
Contrary to a conventional wisdom in donor countries, research shows that the provision of services—including health care, water and education—has far less impact in creating legitimacy for fragile states than a displayed ability to manage conflicts, Eileen Babbitt, director of the Institute for Human Security at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy said. She spoke at USIP alongside other specialists on new approaches to building peace in “fragile” states—those that risk violent conflicts because their governance is ineffective or seen as illegitimate by their citizens.
“What creates legitimacy was people participating in the design of services at the community level and having a mechanism for expressing grievances if they weren’t adequate,” said Babbitt, describing a study she’s involved with. “This was the only relationship that actually mattered.”
Concepts of inclusion, accountability and fighting corruption—and their link to violent conflict and resulting humanitarian need—moved toward center stage at the World Humanitarian Summit in Istanbul this month, said USIP President Nancy Lindborg. The leaders most focused on the interconnection of those forces are at the helm of fragile states, including Tunisia, Mali and Somalia, she observed.
The May 26 discussion at USIP was part of the annual conference of the Alliance for Peacebuilding, a network of more than 100 organizations involved in areas including development, conflict mitigation, academia, environmental work, citizen protection and business.
Research by the Institute for State Effectiveness also has shown the critical role of community engagement and consultation in shoring up fragile states, said Clare Lockhart, the institute’s CEO. Lockhart, the co-author with Afghan President Ashraf Ghani of the 2008 book Fixing Failed States, has been exploring success and failure in state-building over the past decade. A significant mistake of the Millennium Development Goals set out by the United Nations in 2000 was to focus on primary education and young children without giving enough consideration to young adults, she said.
“Young people want political engagement, but what avenues are provided for it?” Lockhart aksed. “We need to think politically: How do national agendas get set and how do we engage all the stakeholder groups?” she said.
The United Nations increasingly recognizes that successful development and conflict mitigation comes up from grass roots as well as down from political leadership, Lockhart said.
The failures spawned by lack of inclusiveness are easily demonstrated, said Grace Yeah Yeanay Mayson, the Liberia country director for the Purdue Peace Project. After Liberia’s civil war, a “major NGO” decided that a blacksmithing project in a particular county would help develop the economy and reduce political tensions, she said. The group built the project without engaging local citizens and the rituals demanded by their culture. Years later, the facility sits unused, a monument to exclusion.
“We sit in big offices in New York or Monrovia or Johannesburg and get information from the Internet,” Mayson said. “That will let you write a fabulous proposal. But the biggest mistake was not to go on the ground.”
Sarah Cliffe, the director of New York University’s Center on International Cooperation, cited an evaluation of fragile states’ progress that reached a similar conclusion. It suggests that donors have focused too heavily on pushing for capacity in governmental functions. And they have given too little attention to seeking the inclusion of citizens, and accountability and less corruption in government, she said. That is what happened in Iraq after the overthrow of the Saddam Hussein regime “with disastrous results,” she said.
Cliffe’s organization concluded that elections held soon after the end of violent conflicts usually exacerbate political tension. The focus should be on first building political institutions and reliable justice and security for citizens, she said. Yet only 3 percent of aid goes to political projects and 2 percent to non-military security work, she said.
“It’s a hard balance,” Cliffe said. “In Somalia, for example, there was external pressure to make parliament hold the government accountable when the government didn’t really exist!”
Lindborg asked the panel members what advice they’d like to see in a report on improving U.S. effectiveness in fragile states that’s now being prepared for the next administration. USIP, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the Center for a New American Security are partners in the project.
“There is a great need for community involvement and community inclusion into these processes,” said Mayson.
Youth and marginalized people need external support to compel the government to listen, said Pradip Pariyar, the founder of the Nepal Policy Center, a youth-led think tank in Kathmandu. That listening, he said, is a key to reducing conflict in his country, which recently emerged from a decade-long civil war.
“U.S. leadership on this issue matters,” said Lockhart. After the “tough experiences” of Iraq and Afghanistan “now is the time to look for new grounds for confidence.”
“The aid agenda should focus on the multi-stakeholder process and not simply as a box to check off. These are political processes. They must be understood in depth,” said Babbit.
If the U.S. could work out the common and distinct challenges in preventing violence, conflict, violent extremism and mass atrocities, the possibilities for averting and addressing each would be enhanced and likelihood of clashing priorities would be reduced, Cliffe said.
Bodies Dumped in River after Enforced Disappearance
(Nairobi) – Kenyan authorities must urgently investigate the killing last week of three men, including a human rights lawyer, and ensure that those found responsible are held to account in fair trials, 34 Kenyan and international human rights organizations said today. Human rights activists will today hold demonstrations in Nairobi and other parts of Kenya to protest the heinous killings.
The shocking abduction, enforced disappearance and extrajudicial killings of lawyer Willie Kimani, as well as his client and their taxi driver that day, whose bodies were recovered from a river 73 kilometres northeast of Nairobi, should be cause for alarm over the state of human rights and rule of law in Kenya, especially in the face of reports suggesting that police officers were involved.
“These extrajudicial killings are a chilling reminder that the hard-won right to seek justice for human rights violations is under renewed attack,” said Muthoni Wanyeki, Amnesty International’s Regional Director for East Africa, the Horn and the Great Lakes. “The Independent Policing Oversight Authority must initiate and lead prompt, independent, impartial and effective investigations into the abduction, enforced disappearance and extrajudicial execution of these three people with a view to bringing criminal charges against all those reasonably suspected of responsibility.”The bodies of Willie Kimani, who was employed by International Justice Mission, a Christian legal aid charity, his client Josephat Mwenda, a motorcycle taxi rider, and Joseph Muiruri, a taxi driver, were recovered on June 30, 2016 from Ol-Donyo Sabuk River in Machakos County, eastern Kenya, a week after the three went missing in circumstances suggesting they were victims of enforced disappearance. Initial reports immediately suggested that Administration Police (AP), officers, one of whom Mwenda was defending himself against in court that day, may have abducted them.
The three were last seen as they left Mavoko Law Courts, in Machakos County, on June 23, 2016 where they had attended a hearing of a traffic case against Mwenda. Police officers from Syokimau AP Camp preferred traffic charges against Mwenda in December 2015, months after he had lodged a complaint with IPOA against a senior officer at the camp who had illegally shot him in April 2015 as he dismounted a motorcycle after the officers had waved him down to stop. Human rights organisations in Kenya have evidence indicating the three men were briefly held at Syokimau AP Camp soon after they were abducted. The men’s whereabouts after that remained unknown until their bodies were recovered seven days later.
“That these killings are coming before numerous similar allegations in other parts of the country have been adequately investigated is a matter of serious concern of the willingness of the Kenyan authorities to stem cases of police killings,” said Henry Maina, regional director at Article 19, Eastern Africa. “President Kenyatta must take decisive steps to assure Kenyans and the international community that the government is serious about addressing police killings.”
The Kenyan agencies responsible for investigations, including IPOA and police should ensure that all those reasonably linked to the killings are investigated and all available evidence properly preserved to ensure the credibility of the investigations, the organizations said.
“A transparent process of investigating and prosecuting those responsible is what is now needed to reassure shocked Kenyans of their safety and restore their faith in the national police,” said Kamau Ngugi, National Coordinator at Kenya’s National Coalition of Human Rights Defenders. “That a lawyer working for an international organisation and his client could be abducted and disappeared in broad-day light only to be found dead is a matter that cannot be taken lightly.”
It is, however, encouraging to note that in the early hours of July 1, before news of the bodies being found was publicly known, Inspector-General of Police Joseph Boinett ordered the arrest of three AP officers attached to the Syokimau AP Camp and further directed that all their colleagues at the camp be questioned about the disappearances.
On July 2, the Inspector General said three officers – Frederick Leliman, Stephen Chebulet and Sylvia Wanjiku – were being held over offences relating to the killings.
“The Inspector General should now clarify whether the AP officer accused of shooting Mwenda in April 2015 is one of those under arrest,” said Otsieno Namwaya, Africa Researcher at Human Rights Watch. “It cannot be business as usual when cases of police killings are emerging from many parts of the country each year. The government should urgently conduct a thorough investigation to ensure that perpetrators are held accountable and that these killings stop.”These outrageous crimes should not only be the concern of the police and IPOA, but should be addressed by all levels of Kenya’s leadership, including the national assembly and the head of state.
“The killing of these three young Kenyans in cold blood should concern President Uhuru Kenyatta,” said George Kegoro, Executive Director of the Kenya Human Rights Commission. “The head of state must immediately institute a full judicial commission of inquiry into the appropriation and misuse of the institution of the police and its resources for personal and criminal ends including, as in this case, extrajudicial killings.”
Kenya’s international partners – in particular Sweden, the UK and USA – that are currently providing financial support to the Kenya police units implicated in extrajudicial killings, should urge Kenyan authorities to ensure effective investigations into these killings and prosecution of those responsible. Supporting Kenyan security agencies without insisting on accountability for human rights violations makes donor countries complicit in those violations.
Kenya National Commission on Human Rights (KNCHR)
Kenya Human Rights Commission (KHRC)
National Coalition on Human Rights Defenders (NCHRC)
Independent Medico Legal Unit (IMLU)
Human Rights Watch (HRW)
Article 19, Eastern Africa
Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative
International Commission of Jurists (Kenya Chapter)
Chapter Four, Uganda
Pan African Human Rights Defenders Network, Uganda
Foundation for Human Rights Initiative, Uganda
Rights Promotion and Protection Centre
Muslims for Human Rights
Coalition for Constitution Implementation
Kenyans for Peace with Truth and Justice
Centre for Reproductive Rights
Bunge La Mwananchi
Coalition of Grassroots Human Rights Defenders
Kenyan Peasants League
Pan African Grassroots Women Liberation
World March of Women Kenya
Mathare Social Justice Centre
Bunge La Mwananchi, Kangemi
Kamukunji Human Rights Defenders Network
Dandora Must Change Social Movement
The Change Movement Kenya
Sauti Ya Umma, Kenya
Roswell, New Mexico- Christopher Ray Moreno (22), a Roswell police officer accused a Sonic Drive-In employee, Isaac Briseno of spitting in his drink. This accusation resulted in a shutdown of the restaurant as fellow officers investigated.
After the investigation in his claims begin, Moreno admitted that he had made up the story and then resigned from the police.
He was arrested and charged with false reporting, malicious criminal prosecution and tampering with evidence. Roswell investigators say that this false report “may have been triggered by a personal issue Moreno perceived he had with the restaurant employee.”
But there is more. He had to turn in his patrol car after the resignation, so when the fellow officers searched his squad car they found methamphetamine, 19 syringes, three meth pipes, three marijuana pipes, a BB gun and several other items.
This led to searching Moreno’s home, where officers found a stolen licence plate.
Moreno now faces additional charges on possession of a controlled substance, drug paraphernalia possession, larceny and receiving stolen property.