Allies Under Attack: The Terrorist Threat to Europe

Georgia Holmer testifies before the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation and Trade.

By: Georgia Holmer

I testify before you today as the Director of Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) at the United States Institute of Peace, although the views expressed here are my own. USIP was established by Congress over 30 years ago as an independent, national institute to prevent and resolve violent conflicts abroad, in accordance with U.S. national interests and values. Violent extremism and terrorism pose significant challenges to peace and security in our world today, and understanding its causes and finding ways to address it are priorities for USIP.  Read more……..

Visit Zapals





       (Retired Principal)

Badagry  Grammar School, Badagry, Lagos state, Nigeria

Epe Grammar School, Epe, Lagos state, Nigeria.

Trinity Secondary  Technical School, Olodi-Apapa, Lagos Nigeria et al.

       B.A Econs., Dip. Ed. Durham F.R. Econs. S.(End) M.N. Econs. S.(Nig.)

      The Akogun of Ibeshe, Lagos state

      (Former Electoral Commissioner, Lagos state(Alhaji Lateef Jakande Civilian         Administration )


      Daddy, the legacy you left behind 23 years ago still stands like the THE ROCK OF GILBRATA.

                                  BISI, TUNIJI, NIKE, FUNKE, TAYO

Mambila Violence : Blame Political Class for the Crisis-Army

The Nigerian Army has  blamed political office holders  for the recent  violence  on the Mambilla Plateau in Taraba state, Nigeria, between the Fulani and Mambilla Ethnic groups.

This was the submission of the Brigade Commander of the 23 Brigade, Yola, Bello Mohammed,  over the weekend at Gembu,  Sarduana Local Government, Taraba state.

Visit Zapals

Mohammed insisted that prominent political office holders and politicians played influential roles in the crisis.

”No member of the National  or state House of Assembly has come home, despite the fact that they would have assisted in controlling their people”, Mohammed declared.

However in a statement by the  Media aide of the state Governor, Dairus  Ishaku,  Emmanuel Bello, the  state Governor, the state Governor urged the people of the state to embrace peace.

”In Taraba State, all human lives are precious to us. That is why Governor Ishaku keeps pushing for peace. That’s even his mantra: he says, ‘give me peace and I would give you development’; he is too refined, too peace loving to engage in any kind of bloodletting or encourage such. The governor is a very civilised man of the world who has interacted with various segments,” the statement concluded.

Kano Wheat Farmers Get N50m Loan

The Kano state Government has given out N50 million as loan to the  state chapter of the  Wheat Farmers Association(WFAN), to aid its members  in storing their produce after harvest.


According to the Chairman of the Association, Alhaji Farouk Rabi’u who made this disclosure,  the association would give out interest free loans to all its members, so as to assist them in protecting their products all through the season.

Visit Zapals

Alhaji Rabi’u emphasized that the interest free loan was repayable, after the farmers must have sold their produce.

The programme titled ”Warehousing Finance Receipt Programme’ would ensure that farmers receive 30 per cent  value of their products as loans, while they would be required to pay a token for the storage of their products.





We Are Paying More For Darkness- Nigerian Electricity Consumers

Business owners in the industrial city of Aba in Abia, state on Thursday  protested the high tariffs been charged by the  Enugu Electricity Distribution Company(EEDC), just as Nigerians continue to contend with power outages despite  the high electricity bills they pay.

Indeed, the same situation is playing out in other parts of the country, including Lagos, Abeokuta, Ibadan, Akure, Benin, Lokoja, Abuja, Warri and Uyo among others, with consumers, particularly domestic consumers  berating the Distribution companies for demanding payment of bills for ‘darkness’.

Visit Marley Spoon

The placard carrying protesters who also expressed disgust over the continued disconnection of power supply to their business premises,  marched through major streets, before arriving at the Distribution company’s  office along Calabar street.

According to Cletus Ikpo, who spoke on behalf of the protesters,  who  protested under the umbrella of Association of Aba Industrialists(AAI), their protests was to express displeasure at the decision of the Distribution company to disconnect electricity supply to all the industries in Aba.

Ikpo lamented that  industries in Aba, were, initially paying N23 as tariff,,  but this  was later increased to over N46 by the  EEDC .

He said after several appeals for EEDC to reduce the tariff failed, members of AAI went to Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission (NERC), which denied ever mandating EEDC to increase tariff and asked them to reverse it.

“Our leaders have met with EEDC officials on several occasions over epileptic power supply, and they always promised to give us light; but at the end, we see none, yet they come up with high tariffs. When we had NEPA, things were far better for us, but since EEDC took over things have gone worse.”

“Some industries in Aba are in most cases given estimated bills of between N5million to N7million monthly by EEDC and at the end of every month, they make overall collection of between N200million to N300million, yet they don’t give us constant power.”

“If things continue this way, we will be forced to lay off over 500, 000 workers under our employ and you know the security implication to their city, state and the country at large”, he declared.

Efforts made to get the reaction of the distribution company was unsuccessful.



Defusing Violent Extremism in Fragile States

Cases in Sahel, Lake Chad and Other Regions Illustrate What Works

By: Fred Strasser, United States  Institute of Peace

In Nigeria, a radio call-in show with local Islamic scholars provided an alternative to extremist propaganda. In Somalia, training youth in nonviolent advocacy for better governance produced a sharp drop in support for political violence. In the Lake Chad region, coordinating U.S. defense, development and diplomatic efforts helped push back Boko Haram and strengthened surrounding states. Such cases illustrate ways to close off the openings for extremism in fragile states, experts said in a discussion at the U.S. Institute of Peace.

Three men who defected from the al-Shabab militant group stay at an undisclosed location in Somalia in June of 2014.

Noor, Bashir and Ahmed, men who defected from the al-Shabab militant group, stay at an undisclosed location in Somalia. Photo Courtesy of The New York Times/Daniel Berehulak
For 15 years, the annual rankings of the Fragile states Index  have prompted the question of what works and what doesn’t in improving governance, enhancing stability and, increasingly, in reducing violent extremism, said Patricia Taft, programs director at the nonprofit Fund for Peace, which produces the Fragile States Index.From the Sahel to North Africa to South Asia, fragility generates the political grievances, social alienation and economic failure that fuel extremism, the panelists said at the event, part of the regular Conflice Prevetnion and Resolution Froum . Fragility, as defined last year by the USIP-led Fragility Study Group , is the absence or breakdown of a social contract between people and their government, with institutional weakness and a lack of political legitimacy.

The impact of fragility—and the openings it provides for extremist influence—surfaces throughout a society, the panelists said. Read more…….


The only thing Igbos hate about Nigeria is Injustice, Corruption and Killings-Vice President Ezendigbo in Diaspora(South)

cicl war,

i286823014261263069-_szt7_  index

Recently, the Acting President, Prof. Yemi Osinbajo,  warned  that all those fanning the embers of disunity in Nigeria would be dealt with in accordance with the laws of the land. The Acting President’s statement has attracted reactions from several Nigerians cutting across ethnic divides. Eze Dr. Alex  Anozie, the Ezendigbo nala Ibadan and Oyo state, who also doubles as the Vice President, Ezendigbo in Diaspora(South) has  joined  the growing list of Nigerians who have reacted to prof Osinbajo’s statement. In this interview with Federationews2day, Eze Dr. Anozie insists that the Igbos,  who are the first among the tribes that love Nigeria most, would  be ready to live in a united Nigeria  devoid of injustice,  corruption and killings . Excerpts :

The Acting President has stated that those  found to be threatening innocent Nigerians and sponsoring disunity would be dealt with by security agencies. What is your reaction to this statement ?

It is a good initiative, the Acting President is doing very well, God has bestowed him with wisdom. This issue is very fragile, delicate and sensitive and it must be handled very cautiously.  I praise him for that courage he has, in coming out bold in making that statement. Be that as it may, I still want to say  that the truth is bitter, but let all of us be bold to say the truth. All these agitations coming up from different parts of the country, there are reasons for it, injustice, deceit, corruption and killings, here and there, lives and property are no longer secure, militancy here and there, kidnapping here and there. Igbo people think that if they are on their own,  they might be able to arrange things, the way it would be more suitable for them and they would live in peace, lives and property would be secure. The crime rate would  reduce, they are thinking that, may be, in their own separate entity,  they would be able to manage all these areas and live in peace.  They may be wrong and they may be right. Igbos are the section of the country  that love Nigeria more than every other tribal grouping in Nigeria. And that is why they are investing everywhere they find themselves. Igbos are all over the country. This is a straightforward statement, that Igbos have confidence in Nigeria and that Igbos love Nigeria. If they do not love Nigeria, if they are  not committed to one Nigeria, they would not have been investing. There is no other  tribe that is scattered all over the country, like the Igbos, there is no other tribe that is investing all over the country, like the Igbos.  In the North, Igbos’ properties are in trillions, in the South West, Igbos’ properties are in trillions. If they do not have confidence in Nigeria would they have been investing in that manner ? They would have been going to the South East to invest. So, that is the number one reason why everybody should be able to agree with the Igbos,  that they love Nigeria. The only thing Igbos hate about Nigeria is injustice, marginalization, lack of equity, corruption and killings, life has lost value completely in Nigeria. Human beings are killed like  mosquitoes everywhere and the Igbos have much value  for life.  There is no hope that there would be a  stop to these happenings, the Igbos are not happy about this.  The Igbos are desperately in need of peace and security.  If they  are assured today, that all these social vices, all over the place would stop, Igbos are very willing and ready to continue with one Nigeria.  Yes, injustice must stop, indiscriminate killings of  human being must stop. The 2014 national conference started and ended with an agreement reached  by Nigerians. Now, the Government has  refused to make use of the report  of the conference Why ? After the conference, a section of the country came out to say that they do not believe in the conference. This was exactly the same thing that happened before the civil war. It was one of the things that resulted in the civil war.  Before the civil war, agreement   was reached and signed, at Aburi in Ghana, by the representatives of both sides. But surprisingly, when they got back home,in Nigeria after 48 hours, the agreement was swept under the carpet. Had it been the Aburi agreement was implemented, we would not have fought the civil war and several lives would not have been lost on both sides. The same issue has been given another name, restructuring. Everyone is now  talking of restructuring. For how long shall we continue to deceive each other ? Is it not better we tell each other the  bitter truth ?  Had it been justice had been reigning in Nigeria, had it been fair play, truth,  equity and the fear of God had been in place in Nigeria, there would not be need for all these agitations everywhere. Nobody wants to leave Nigeria, Nigeria is a beautiful country, no doubt about that, there is strength in our diversity, no doubt about that, but the truth is that injustice with impunity is in this country, but if the Igbos are  assured that all these vices would be no more, I am sure they would have a change of mind.

Democrats Protest Senate Republican Health Care Secrecy

They called for open committee hearings and more time to consider the bill before a Senate vote.

U.S. President Trump turns to Speaker Ryan as he gathers with Republican House members after healthcare bill vote at the White House in Washington
U.S. Democrats took to the Senate floor on Monday to throw a spotlight on behind-the-scenes efforts by the Republican majority to repeal former President Barack Obama’s healthcare law, known as Obamacare. Continue reading  @ HUFF POST

Oyo Workers Hopeful That Govt Will Soon Pay Their Salaries Up To May

Workers in Oyo state have  expressed hopes that the state Government will soon pay their salaries up to May, 2017.


The workers made this known while narrating the difficulties they were presently experiencing to Federationews2day.

They stressed that since the state Government would soon receive another tranche of the Paris Club Refund, there was no reason why it would not be able to offset salary arrears of workers in the state up to the month of May.

However, the state  Chairman of  the Trade Union Congress(TUC), who also doubles as the Chairman Public Service Joint Negotiating Council, Comrade Emmanuel Ogundiran, maintained that the  hopes expressed by the workers would however depend on the amount of money received from the Government at the centre.

”The  Government is favourably disposed to even paying up to May, if what they are expecting from Abuja really materializes. The true position of things is that workers in Oyo state, especially those in the state service, have received their salaries up to and including the month of February, 2017. We are awaiting the payment for the month of March, 2017. As at yesterday, the Ministry of Finance said that they are ready, that they are just awaiting figures from Ministries, Departments and Agencies, that they would be ready to pay March”, Comrade Ogundiran stated.

He blamed the salary problems of Local Government workers in the state, to the Memorandum of Understanding signed by their union leaders on the issue of percentage payment of salaries, saying ”the Local Government workers, I think they caused that for themselves, so, by the time we found out and by the time we wanted to wade in, majority of their Ogas, they will say they are not owing them salaries, for somebody you pay 25 per cent, you say you are not owing salaries, while workers at the state level insisted on the Government paying all or paying nothing”.

Comrade Ogundiran called on workers in the state to be more patient, while the union addressed all the issues concerning salary payments, saying ”we know the common enemy we have is the employer, we know that the employer that is not conscientious and God fearing may not want to pay,but the ones that are  conscientious and God fearing  will want to pay the workers their dues”.



No Sign That Oyo Govt Is Ready to Pay Backlog of Salary Arrears-Chairman Senior Civil Servants

Senior Civil Servants in Oyo state have lamented the  nonchalant attitude of the Oyo state Government  to issues concerning their salary arrears, allowances, gratuities and pensions.


The civil servants made  their position known through the Chairman of the state chapter Association of Civil Servants, Comrade Andrew Emelieze, in a chat with Federationews2day in Ibadan, Nigeria.

Comrade Emelieze, who is the immediate past chairman of the  state council of the Trade Union Congress(TUC) expressed reservations over the mounting debt owed workers by the state  Government, without any sign that same would be paid  very soon.

”So far so good, the situation has remained the same, it is still the  same old story of   backlog of arrears of salaries, pensions and gratuities for workers all over the state  , working  with government, whether at the state or Local Government level, salaries are been owed now, for four to five months, as regards the state workers, they are yet to collect their March salaries, despite the fact that the Governor has  gone on air to say that he has paid March salaries, which of course he  has not paid and the situation is so critical that those at the Local Government, whose salaries used to be regular, we wouldn’t know what happened, but their situation is even now  worse than those  working at the state level, at the, some are being owed six months, while some are being owed eight months”.

”We have discovered that nothing has  changed, it is as if the Oyo state Government, is waiting for, probably workers to take action., before they can act, because  we have not seen anything extraordinary done by the Oyo state Government, we are just waiting for probably miracle to happen,  before they can pay. Miracle in the sense that for a responsible Government, in situations like this, we should expect initiatives, such as we can see robust master plan proposals and actions been taken to see how funds can be generated, Paris club refunds have been coming, there have been bail outs, I think that is only what they have been depending on to come, besides that we’ve not seen anything concrete been done and this has been recurring in the past two years”.

”For a serious Government within the past two years, they would have been able to come out of this, last  year they were owing,  two years ago they were owing, this year they are  still owing, we wouldn’t know when they would pay, so we are  really not happy, workers are getting more frustrated, same as all over the country, here in Oyo state workers are now contemplating suicide, people have lost hope in the system, people have lost hope  in the Government. The way it is now, nobody will tell any worker  what to do, they have known that they have to take  their destinies in their hands, the system has failed us, the APC Government has  failed us. President Buhari and his Governors have failed us”, Comrade Emelieze concluded.